Shi Ying discusses the contingency and inevitability of history
As a result, the old people died in the past 30 years and the past was memorable.
The gongs and drums broke the cold star and the mountains became silent.
One day, my uncle and grandfather suddenly called me and said, “When you were at school, the teacher taught
Are you accidental and inevitability? ”
I replied, "I have taught this to be taught by Sun Xifu, Sanxi. He also asked us to make sentences for these two words. How did the elderly suddenly think of asking this?"
The grandfather said: "Is he taught you these two words and the history of events associated with it?"
I thought for a moment and said flatly, "That's not. But I can understand the meaning of these two words."
The old man smiled: "No, if you can't say this, it's hard to really understand the chance and inevitability. Some people think it's hard to understand for a lifetime. I've been thinking about it in recent years. Now I've only seen a few things. ."
I couldn't help but secretly startled and hurriedly said: "It's not a bit overdone, just like these two very simple words that you spent a few years doing to see a little bit of what you are looking for."
The great-grandfather Shi Yingying said: "China's words are very rich, and most of them are accompanied by certain words, such as legendaryness, openness, obstruction, comprehensiveness, thoroughness, urgency, importance, and closeness. Sexuality, recurrence, explosiveness, destructiveness, thinking, dullness, expectation, intenseness, etc. There are also two words: paternal, maternal, male, female, negative, positive, rigid, flexible, and so on. There are countless numbers, and chance and necessity are particularly intriguing, and if accidentality is known or predicted in advance, it may be able to suppress and destroy it, and even if necessity is seen, it is difficult to stop and destroy, and it is almost impossible to stop it, and it is just like history. The rolling of the wheels is like the rain in the sky."
Mr. Shih Ying took a rest and continued: “The rise and fall and substitution of every dynasty is related to chance and necessity. The “dark and black” written by Li Zongwu is not entirely justified. Let me give you a few familiar examples. Considering that Zhou Youwang was confused, his daughter asked for a smile and attracted foreign enemies to invade. Ping Wang moved from Luoyang to Xianyang to plant seeds of the Zhou Dynasty from prosperity to weakness. This is an ordinary layman's point of view. In fact, this kind of thing succeeded from the success of King Wu, and when it was sealed by the princes of the world, it buried the seeds of prosperity.These princes spent several generations on counting their ancestors and began to make trouble to the Zhou Dynasty, even if the Zhou Dynasty Being able to be counted and covered with fat can not satisfy these endless pursuits and excavations by the traitors and traitors.Poor Kong Kongzi traveled all over the country for years, and everywhere he sold 'Salvation and Rebirth', he ended up with no success at all. Qin Shihuang was an all-powerful person. The people of Weijianai defeated the princes whose roots existed for centuries, but the Qin Dynasty was only destined for more than 20 years. Many people say that Qin Dynasty The mountain was defeated by Qin II and Zhao Gaoshou, but in fact it was defeated by Qin Shihuang himself.He began to dominate the world and the country’s poor people were also poor. It was the time when the country needed a lot of money and manpower, but he spent money and human resources. After a large number of constructions and crackdowns on sour Confucianism, the people are indifferent to life, the sky is angry, and Qin is not destroyed, but the death of Chu is also the same.Wang Xi is just a sour scholar. He believes that the Han Dynasty has weakened and he dares to poison Han Pingdi himself. The upper part of the Nine Emperors, but he never thought that there was half a pot of oil in this pot. Dong Zhuo was also the same. He abolished Shao Di and helped Emperor Xian, thinking that he could sit in God's place after a while, but he also forgot about the Han Dynasty. Although the light flames were weak, but the oil did not dry out, there were still a lot of people out there against them. (However, Dong Zhuo’s death frightened Cao Cao and Sima Zhao. Their butts were long ago itching and they were drunk. It is not one day that those who avoid are nothing more than too many people who oppose them.) Therefore, their demise is inevitable, and it is an accident that Song Taizu added his robe and won the emperor, but it is necessary to lose the country in the following week. At this One thing we can see is that accidentally, unless it is suppressed, it will become a terrible necessity."
“The rise and fall of the Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China are all the same, all of which are inseparable from accidents and inevitability. Some people clearly know that the inevitable behind is bitter fruit, but they still have a fluke, the most famous recently. The figure is a thief of the country, Yuan Shikai, who became the president of the Republic of China, but still lacks a thief. He would like to devour an elephant and use the President’s resources and contacts to climb the throne of the emperor. In fact, he also knows that his strength is far from enough. Coupled with the fact that the country was ruled by the feudal emperors for thousands of years, he had long wanted to lift the big mountain off the top of his head, but he could not stand the temptation of the emperor's dragon chair, and his butt took a sigh and sat down. The imperial position heard a wave of opposition, and he did a great emperor less than three months ago, and he hurried off the stage. Not only did he fail to return to the president, but he did not have his life. Therefore, this inevitable fruition must be I can't plant myself and eat. This time I often think of things in the world. I have finally figured out that the emergence and occurrence of almost everything in the world has its own contingency and inevitability. What is strange is that what the Buddhists say is because of the same result. Occasionally, prevention can be maximized, and inevitability is different. No person or any power can stop it. The occurrence naturally occurs, and it can only be postponed at most. Time only."
Mr. Shi Ying laughed and said: "In addition to accidents and inevitable, there is another thing called natural, natural is also very difficult to prevent, for example: people scabbling grass to prevent the spread of grass, but when the spring is on the weeds In the period of growth, if we lay bricks on the ground, in the imagination of people, doing so can prevent the growth and development of grass, but some weeds are drilled out of the cracks in the masonry, but it is out of people's expectations. I have seen many such landscapes, and the most intriguing one is that there are many towers with firewood and big trees on the top of the towers, and the degree of lushness is far beyond expectation. I heard that there is a pagoda in Dongkou County, which is under the Longhui. The wind chimes that prevent the birds from being pulled are not only useless, but even the top of the tower has grown up with several big trees, and even the workers who built the tower are helpless. Actually, the seeds of the firewood on the top of the tower are wind blows. This is the connection between chance, necessity and nature."
Finally, the old man said: "The history of the change and the feudal celebrity are inseparable from accidents and inevitability, and the private people are also inseparable. Every day there are accidents and inevitable things happen. Remember, life must be honest and honest. People can't deceive people by deceiving them. According to modern terms, 'What kind of flowers are planted, what flowers are planted, what kind of tree knots and fruits are planted.' and the folk saying 'kind of melons, melons, beans, beans' is one meaning, the cause and effect of life Most of us can't take a 'reason' word. We must predict the consequences before we do things. Only in this way can we have a good future."
I heard Mr. Shih Ying's good advice and expressed his deep respect. He thanked them: "These old people are justified in saying these words and principles are difficult to see on the books. Thank you very much, my grandfather and grandson. ”
December 29, 2017